What is COVID-19

What is Coronavirus?

• Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses found in both animals (domestic and wild) and humans.

• Some types can infect people and are known to cause illnesses ranging from common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

What is COVID-19?

• COVID-19 is a new strain of coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans.

• COVID-19 was reported first time in humans in Wuhan/China in December 2019.

How Contagious is It?

• When someone who is infected by COVID-19 coughs or sneezes, they project small droplets containing the virus. If you are too close (less than 1 meter), you can be infected by the virus.

• Many surfaces can be contaminated with the virus. After touching the surface you can contaminate your eyes, nose or mouth with your hands.

• The incubation period for COVID-19 is 2-14 days. This means this virus can stay silent during this period.

How Dangerous is It?

• Infection with COVID-19 can cause mild symptoms (80.9%) including a runny nose, sore throat, cough and fever.

• It can be more severe for some people and can lead to pneumonia or breathing difficulties (13.8%).

• Critical (4.7%) can include: respiratory failure, septic shock and multi-organ failure.

• More rarely, the disease can be fatal (2%).

• Older people, and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as diabetes and heart disease) appear to be more vulnerable to the virus.

Symptoms of COVID-19

• Fever                              • Dry Cough

• Shortness of Breathing     • Myalgia

• Headache                       • Sore throat

• Nausea                           • Diarrhea


• No antivirus medical treatment specific to COVID-19.

• No vaccination has been available until now.

• The current treatment is to alleviate the symptoms, prevent from secondary infections and complications.

Basic Protective Measures

• Wash your hands frequently with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.

• Maintain social distancing – maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and other people, particularly those who are coughing, sneezing and have a fever.

• Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth before washing.

• If you have fever, cough and shortness of breath, seek medical care early. Tell your health care provider if you have travelled in an area where COVID-19 has been reported,

• As a general precaution, practice general hygiene measures when visiting live animal markets, wet markets or animal product markets.

• Ensure regular hand washing with soap and potable water after touching animals and animal products.

• Strictly avoid any contact with wild animals.

• Avoid consumption of raw or undercooked animal products.

• Handle raw meat, milk or animal organs with care, to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods, as per good food safety practices.